Twenty-two Democrats joined Republicans to condemn the progressive Michigan lawmaker for a string of incendiary remarks.
She has also been criticized for using the pro-Palestinian chant ‘from the river to the sea’, that many consider to be an anti-Semitic call for the destruction of Israel.
Tlaib is the only Palestinian-American member of Congress and has been heavily critical of both the Biden administration and Israel during the Gaza war.
A censure represents a strong rebuke of Tlaib but has no formal punishment.
In a defiant speech on the House floor on Tuesday afternoon, she accused her colleagues of trying to silence her.